[1]朱建华,修春亮.中日韩行政区划比较与空间治理启示[J].中国名城,2020,(10):34-40.
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中日韩行政区划比较与空间治理启示()
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中国名城[ISSN:1674-4144/CN:32-1793/GO]

卷:
期数:
2020年10期
页码:
34-40
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-10-05

文章信息/Info

作者:
朱建华修春亮
朱建华,东北师范大学地理科学学院副教授。
修春亮,东北大学江河建筑学院院长,教授,博导。
关键词:
行政区划城市型政区管理层级管辖幅度中日韩
Keywords:
administrative divisionscity-type administrative regionmanagement hierarchyjurisdictional rangeChina-Japan-Korea
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
行政区划对构建国家空间治理体系具有重要意义。中日韩三国在行政区划设置和管理制度方面一脉相承,但也有许多不同之处。在对比分析中日韩行政区划设置的基础上,总结了日、韩的行政区划设置对中国的经验借鉴及启示。研究发现,中国的行政区划层级以四级制为主,韩国是三级制,日本是二级制的扁平化结构。在行政区划类型方面,日韩两国以城市型政区为主,而中国中小城市数量偏少,但是大城市和市辖区较多。在快速城市化过程中,中国在行政区划设置与空间治理方面应该适当借鉴日韩的管理经验,进一步优化行政管辖幅度,减少行政管理层级,稳妥有序地增加城市型政区的设置,这些经验和启示可以为中国未来城镇化发展和空间治理提供有益借鉴。
Abstract:
Administrative division is the foundation stone of politics and administration management, and is of great significance to a country’s spatial governance. Locating in East Asia, China, Japan and ROK are close neighbors only geographically separated by a narrow strip of water. They share almost the same line of administrative division and management system however quite a few differences still remain. On the bases of comparative analysis of the administrative divisions of China, Japan and ROK, this study summarized the insight and experience which Japan and South Korea can provide references for China. Some findings were obtained. In terms of administrative division hierarchy, China primarily has a four-tier system although some provinces and municipalities have a three-tier system, South Korea mainly has a three-tier system, and Japan has a flat two-tier system. Regarding the types of administrative division, city-type administrative region is predominant in both Japan and ROK with the city number of 791 and 85, respectively, while the amount of that of China is only 661. Nevertheless, China stands out in the number of large cities and municipal districts, with a total of 954 municipal districts when compared with Japan and South Korea, but small and medium-sized cities are relatively short of. To conclude, China should appropriately draw lessons from Japan and ROK in the aspects of setting up administrative divisions and governing space during the process of rapid urbanization so as to optimize the scope of administrative jurisdiction and reduce the level of administrative management and also reliable and increase the amount of city-type administrative regions in good order. These experience and inspiration could be useful for China’s administrative division adjustment, urbanization development and spatial governance in the future.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-01-05